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Look who made it to the top of Kilimanjaro this week!
… a country as large as Switzerland enjoying a singularly fertile soil and healthy
climate, … within a few years it must be either English, French or German … I am
on the spot, the first in the field, and able to make Kilima-
In describing the mountain thus, HH Johnston brought Kilimanjaro to the attention of the world’s leading powers. Soon the two great colonizers in East Africa, Germany and Britain, were jockeying for position in the region. British missionaries were accused of putting the temporal interests of their country over the spiritual affairs of their flock, while for their part certain German nationals made no secret of the fact they wished to colonize Kilimanjaro.
In 1884, the Gesellschaft fur Deutsche Kolonisation (GDK), a political party founded
by the 28-
British fought fire with fire in response, forcing two dozen chiefs (including some of those who had sided with the Germans) to swear allegiance to the sultan – and therefore indirectly to them.
The situation was becoming dangerously volatile, with war looking increasingly likely.
After further bouts of political manoeuvring, in October 1886 the two sides met in
London and Berlin to define once and for all the boundary between British-
|Climate change and Kilimanjaro|
|Kilimanjaro: the early years|
|History of Kilimanjaro: the early explorers|
|History of Kilimanjaro: the outsiders arrive|
|History of Kilimanjaro: pioneers...|
|History of Kilimanjaro: ...and preachers|
|History of Kilimanjaro: Rebmann's journey and the discovery of snow|
|History of Kilimanjaro: first attempts at the summit|
|History of Kilimanjaro: Colonization|
|History of Kilimanjaro: the conquest of Kilimanjaro|
|The Germans in East Africa|
|History of Kilimanjaro: after Hans Meyer|
|History of Kilimanjaro:the mountain today|
|The Chagga: an introduction|