Soon German soldiers were being attacked and killed and, with opposition to their rule growing stronger and more organized, they suffered a massive defeat at Moshi at the hands of the Chagga, led by Meli, Mandara’s son.
Though the Germans regained control, it was clear to them that a more benevolent style of government was required if they were to continue ruling over their East African territories. This new ‘caring colonialism’ paid off, and for the last decade or so of their rule the Germans lived largely at peace with their subjects and even forged a useful alliance with the Chaggas during the German’s push against the rebellious Masai tribes.
The Germans also started the practice of hut-building on Kilimanjaro, establishing one at 8500ft (2550m), known asBismarck Hut, and one at 11,500ft (3450m) known as Peters’ Hut, after Dr Karl.
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