The routes up Kilimanjaro
There are six official paths leading up the slopes of Kilimanjaro. These are (running anti-clockwise, beginning with the north-westernmost trail)
- The little-used Shira Route
- Lemosho Route
- Machame Route
- Umbwe Route
- Marangu Route
- and, running from the north-east, the Rongai (aka Loitokitok) Route.
To see a map of the routes please click on the image below. (Please click on it once to bring up the map. Then click on the top right-hand corner to enlarge the map):
In addition to these trails there are a few ‘unofficial’ routes such as the Alternative Lemosho (aka Northern Circuit Route, TK Lemosho Route etc) which are essentially a combination of parts of the above trails, all joined together to make a new route. These can be some of the best trails around, with high success rates and fewer crowds. We’ll look at these later on.
Eventually, each of these six official Kilimanjaro routes reach the foot of the main Kibo summit. This is the snowy peak that you see in all the photos. From the foot of Kibo, three paths then take you up to Kibo’s crater rim. They are:
- the Western Breach Route (also known as the Arrow Glacier Route)
- The Barafu Route
- A nameless third path which runs up from Kibo Huts to Gillman’s Point. We shall call this the Kibo Huts Route.
Which of these you will take to the summit depends upon which of the six paths you took to get this far.
The Shira, Lemosho, Machame and Umbwe routes can use either the difficult Arrow Glacier Route or the easier (but longer) Barafu Route.
The Marangu and Rongai trails use the Kibo Huts Route.
The rules regarding which path you take to descend is as follows:
Those on the Machame, Umbwe, Lemosho or Shira routes must take as their descent route the Mweka trail
Those who ascended on the Marangu or Rongai/Loitokitok trails must descend by the Marangu Route.
I keep on hearing about the Northern and Southern Circuits – where are these routes?
Encircling the Kibo cone is a path known as either the Northern Circuit or the Southern Circuit depending on which side of the mountain you are. You can walk right around Kibo on this path. However, few climbers ever do. But all the paths either meet this circular path at some point and many follow it for a while. The ‘unofficial’ routes such as the Alternative Lemosho Trail also utilise large sections of these paths.
So which route is the best?
Well, in one sense it’s very difficult to answer this question. Because everybody wants something different from their trek.
For many people, the sole purpose of climbing Kilimanjaro is to get to the summit. Fail to do that and the whole trip has been wasted. If this is you then Lemosho, Machame and Rongai (the one with the Mawenzi diversion) are, statistically, the best bets. (The Alternative Lemosho Route that we used to offer – and some other companies still offer – actually has the best success rate of all.)
On the other hand, those looking to avoid the crowds (again, ignoring alternative routes) should look at Lemosho and Umbwe.
For a no-nonsense, cheap-ish climb then Machame, Marangu and Umbwe are good.
While if you don’t want to stay in tents then Marangu is the only option.
The route with the best views and scenery? Well they’re all brilliant in this respect. I love the forest on the Lemosho and Umbwe Routes. I love the beautiful view of Kibo from across the Saddle on the Rongai and Marangu Routes, and across the Shira Plateau on the Lemosho Route.
So what is my personal favourite of all the trails? Well, the part of the mountain I enjoy the most is the forest on the lower slopes. I also love taking photographs and so appreciates great views and scenery. Furthermore, I like to avoid the crowds on the mountain. If you’re going to spend a week on one of the planet’s most unique wildernesses, it’s good to spend it without hundreds of other trekkers. A few others is nice, but not hundreds. And yes, I do also like to acclimatise well: life’s always so much better when you don’t have a splitting headache. And I do like to reach the summit too! – so any route that aids this is good.
For this reason, my favourite of the ‘official’ routes is Lemosho, which ticks all of the above boxes: the forest is the best in my opinion, the views and scenery once you leave the forest and gaze at Kibo across the Shira Plateau are jaw-dropping, and the chances of getting to the summit are high, particularly as it’s also the longest ascent route on the mountain. It’s also a fairly quite route, at least for the first 3-4 days before you meet up with the hordes on the Machame and (to a lesser extent) the Umbwe Route.
Of all the routes – official and otherwise – the Alternative Lemosho is my favourite path of all. It’s both even quieter than the official Lemosho and seems to improve one’s chances of acclimatising still further.
But I should reiterate my statement that I made at the start of this piece. Whatever route you’re on, you’re going to be on Kilimanjaro. So it’s inconceivable you’ll be disappointed.
A description of each of the six main trails up Kilimanjaro can be found on this website. Please note that in the book we provide comprehensive, day-by-day descriptions of each of the Kilimanjaro routes up the mountain, including detailed sketch maps covering every stage of every path.
|Route||Duration (ascent and descent combined)||Distance (ascent only)*||Descent Route||Total distance (ascent & descent)*||Western Breach option available?||No. of people climbing each year**|
|Machame||6-7 days||40.16km||Mweka (20.6km)||60.76km||Yes||20,339|
|Marangu||5-7 days||36.75km||Marangu (36.75km)||73.5km||No||12,289|
|Lemosho & Shira Routes (including Alternative Lemosho)||6-9 days||46.26km||Mweka (20.6km)||66.86km||Yes||9927|
|Rongai||5-7 days||37.65km||Marangu (36.75km)||74.4km||No||4088|
|Umbwe||6-8 days||27.71km||Mweka (20.6km)||48.31km||Yes||589|
* Figures assume the Barafu Route is taken to the summit rather than the Western Breach
** Latest figures available
Want to know more!
The following pages take each of the routes, individually, and go through a day-by-day description of them. And unlike other websites, they are written by somebody who has climbed everyone of them. At least twice. And often many more times. And as such, they aren’t written by someone who hasn’t climbed them at all. But who still feels entitled to call himself or herself an expert, because they can read and copy our work.
So if you want an authentic, first-hand account of the routes – read on! While for pictures of each of the routes, visit our pinterest page!